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Styles To Reference Your Academic Paper

Writing your academic paper is not just about writing the most perfect piece of work that you possibly can, regarding any particular subject. This is where most students lose out on grades: because their work is incomplete since it was not properly referenced or the entire references portion of the work was missing. Working in this way means that the student then ends up having done the major part of the work, the actual academic writing perfectly and yet does not manage to get the great grades that they deserve simply because the student in question does not have the proper referencing style in their work.

 Types of Citations

It is not entirely the student’s fault however. A number of students are just unsure about how to reference their work the right way. Here are some of the most common referencing styles that are used in academic writing, as well as the proper way to use them.


  • APA (American Psychological Association) is generally used for the Education, Psychology and Science disciplines.

In the APA referencing style, in-text citations need to have two to three information items; the author’s last name, and the publication date of the work in question. In case the student has taken a direct quote from any publication or other material, then the page number or the more specific area that the work has been picked from, must be quoted. Care needs to be taken that all this information exactly matches the references that will appear in the bibliography or the references section at the end of the paper.

For example: (Beckett, 1999)

The potentially contradictory nature of Moscow’s priorities surfaced first in its policies towards East Germany and Yugoslavia,” (Beckett, 1999, p. 1)


  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is generally used in the Humanities disciplines

In this referencing style, there are some core elements that need to be present to ensure that the citation in question has been properly referenced. This includes, in this same order, Author’s name, Title of Sources, Title of container, other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date and Location.

For example:

“… And left that lady going into society for ever and a day.” Dickens, Charles. Little Dorrit. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1942. Print.


  • Chicago/ Turabian Style is most often used in the History, Business and Fine Arts disciplines.

The in-text citation for this referencing style needs just the last name of the author, the date and reference or page numbers of the text from where the reference has been taken. In the reference portion of this work, the citation must begin with the author’s last name, first name, date of publication, name of publication, place of publication and publisher’s name.

For example:

(Blake 2006, 99–100)

Blake, Michael. 2006. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin.

The Importance of Citations

Unless the academic paper in question is properly referenced, there is no way to ensure that all of the other publications that have gone into helping a student write their paper have either been properly mentioned or given due credit. To do so however, just reference your work right! Or you can take help of British Coursework Writers to do just right referencing for you!